Nymphalidae Melitaeinae Melitaeini Melitaea parthenoides Melitaea punica
Melitaea phoebe ([Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775)
Knapweed Fritillary
Grand Damier, Mélitée des centaurées

Genus: Melitaea Fabricius, 1807   Original genus: Papilio Linnaeus, 1758

Synonyms (genus):
   Athaliaeformia Verity, 1950
   Cinclidia Hübner, 1818
   Didymaeformia Verity, 1950
   Mellicta Billberg, 1820

Adult:
M. phoebe (© Paolo Mazzei)
Adult (female) ssp. occitanica Staudinger, 1871, Vivaro (Roma), Italy, August 8, 2006 [41.76021, 12.79564]
(Photo by Paolo Mazzei)
M. phoebe (© Paolo Mazzei)
Adult (female) ssp. occitanica Staudinger, 1871, Vivaro (Roma), Italy, August 8, 2006 [41.76021, 12.79564]
(Photo by Paolo Mazzei)
M. phoebe (© Paolo Mazzei)
Adult (male) ssp. occitanica Staudinger, 1871, Canale Monterano (Roma), Italy, May 12, 2006
(Photo by Paolo Mazzei)
M. phoebe (© Raniero Panfili)
Adult (male) ssp. occitanica Staudinger, 1871, SIC Monte Calvo and Calvilli (Frosinone), Italy, August 8, 2010
(Photo by Raniero Panfili)
M. phoebe (© Raniero Panfili)
Adult (female) ssp. occitanica Staudinger, 1871, SIC Monte Calvo and Calvilli (Frosinone), Italy, May 12, 2007
(Photo by Raniero Panfili)
M. phoebe (© Raniero Panfili)
Adult (female) ssp. occitanica Staudinger, 1871, Ceccano, località S. Ermete (Frosinone), Italy, August 22, 2010 [41.52633, 13.35527]
(Photo by Raniero Panfili)
M. phoebe (© Marco Bonifacino)
Adult (female) ssp. phoebe [Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775, Entracque (Cuneo), Italy, July 6, 2013
(Photo by Marco Bonifacino)
M. phoebe (© Marco Bonifacino)
Adult (male) ssp. phoebe [Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775, Caprauna (Cuneo), Italy, July 7, 2012
(Photo by Marco Bonifacino)
M. phoebe (© Paolo Mazzei)
Adult ssp. occitanica Staudinger, 1871, Vivaro (Roma), Italy, August 9, 2006 [41.76021, 12.79564]
(Photo by Paolo Mazzei)
M. phoebe (© Paolo Mazzei)
Adult ssp. occitanica Staudinger, 1871, Vivaro (Roma), Italy, August 8, 2006 [41.76021, 12.79564]
(Photo by Paolo Mazzei)
M. phoebe (© Raniero Panfili)
Adult (male) ssp. occitanica Staudinger, 1871, SIC Monte Calvo and Calvilli (Frosinone), Italy, August 8, 2010
(Photo by Raniero Panfili)
M. phoebe (© Paolo Mazzei)
Adult ssp. phoebe [Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775, Salbertrand, Val di Susa (Torino), Italy, July 2001
(Photo by Paolo Mazzei)
M. phoebe (© Enrico Gallo)
Adult ssp. phoebe [Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775, Pezzolo Valle Uzzone (Cuneo), Italy, May 28, 1971
(Photo by Enrico Gallo)
M. phoebe (© Raniero Panfili)
Adults (mating), Collepardo, Contrada S.Maria in Amaseno (Frosinone), Italy, July 3, 2004
(Photo by Raniero Panfili)
M. phoebe (© Paolo Mazzei)
Adult ssp. phoebe [Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775, Salbertrand, Val di Susa (Torino), Italy, July 2001
(Photo by Paolo Mazzei)
M. phoebe (© Ilaria Pimpinelli)
Adult ssp. occitanica Staudinger, 1871, Campo Felice 1300 m (L'Aquila), Italy, June 22, 2002
(Photo by Ilaria Pimpinelli)
M. phoebe (© Paolo Mazzei)
Adult ssp. occitanica Staudinger, 1871, Manziana (Roma), Italy, May 1993
(Photo by Paolo Mazzei)
M. phoebe (© Paolo Mazzei)
Adult ssp. occitanica Staudinger, 1871, Manziana (Roma), Italy, May 1993
(Photo by Paolo Mazzei)

Larva:
M. phoebe (© Paolo Mazzei)
Larva ssp. occitanica Staudinger, 1871, SIC Monte Calvo and Calvilli (Frosinone), Italy, April 27, 2008
(Photo by Paolo Mazzei)
M. phoebe (© Paolo Mazzei)
Larva ssp. phoebe [Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775, Salbertrand, Val di Susa (Torino), Italy, June 2001
(Photo by Paolo Mazzei)
M. phoebe (© Paolo Mazzei)
Larva ssp. occitanica Staudinger, 1871, Acuto (Frosinone), Italy, April 2002 [41.79894, 13.16695]
(Photo by Paolo Mazzei)
M. phoebe (© Paolo Mazzei)
Larva ssp. occitanica Staudinger, 1871, Acuto (Frosinone), Italy, April 2002 [41.79894, 13.16695]
(Photo by Paolo Mazzei)
M. phoebe (© Raniero Panfili)
Larva ssp. occitanica Staudinger, 1871, Ceccano, località S. Ermete (Frosinone), Italy, April 18, 2004 [41.52633, 13.35527]
(Photo by Raniero Panfili)
M. phoebe (© Paolo Mazzei)
Larva ssp. occitanica Staudinger, 1871, Manziana (Roma), Italy, April 1993
(Photo by Paolo Mazzei)

Larva (early stages):
M. phoebe (© Paolo Mazzei)
Larvae (third instar) ssp. occitanica Staudinger, 1871, Vivaro (Roma), Italy, September 28, 2008 [41.76021, 12.79564]
(Photo by Paolo Mazzei)
M. phoebe (© Paolo Mazzei)
Larvae (third instar) ssp. occitanica Staudinger, 1871, Vivaro (Roma), Italy, October 4, 2008 [41.76021, 12.79564]
(Photo by Paolo Mazzei)

Pupa:
M. phoebe (© Paolo Mazzei)
Pupa ssp. occitanica Staudinger, 1871, Vivaro (Roma), Italy, May 4, 2009 [41.76021, 12.79564]
(Photo by Paolo Mazzei)
M. phoebe (© Enrico Gallo)
Pupa ssp. phoebe [Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775, Val Maira (Cuneo), Italy, July 18, 2013
(Photo by Enrico Gallo)
M. phoebe (© Paolo Mazzei)
Pupa ssp. occitanica Staudinger, 1871, Manziana (Roma), Italy, April 1993
(Photo by Paolo Mazzei)

Foodplants:
Cirsium, Carduus, Centaurea, Plantago

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